Dry Eyes - Corpus Christi

Why are my eyes tearing if they are dry?

Dry Eye

Dry eye is a condition in which a person doesn't have enough quality tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. Tears are necessary for maintaining the health of the front surface of the eye and for providing clear vision.

The tear film is made up of 3 different components: a mucin layer, an aqueous layer, and an oil layer.  Imbalance amongst any of these layers can produce dry eyes. Mucin layer disorders can cause filaments to form on the ocular surface and foreign body sensation. Lacrimal gland inflammation can reduce tear production. A decreased aqueous tear film on the surface of the eye causes your brain to produce more tears.

Dry Eye Causes & Risk Factors

  • Inadequate amount of tears
  • Poor quality of tears.

Dry eyes can develop for many reasons, including:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Medications
  • Medical conditions
  • Environmental conditions
  • Refractive eye surgeries
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Symptoms

People with dry eyes may experience irritated, scratchy or burning eyes; fb sensation; excess watering; and blurred vision. Symptoms include:

  • Redness
  • Stinging, scratching, or burning sensations
  • Light Sensitivity
  • Watery eyes
  • Blurry Vision

Diagnosis

Dry eyes can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination. Testing with emphasis on the evaluation of the quantity and quality of tears produced by the eyes may include:

  • Patient history to determine the patient's symptoms and to note any general health problems, medications or environmental factors that may be contributing to the dry eye problem.
  • External examination of the eye, including lid structure and blink dynamics.
  • Evaluation of the eyelids and cornea 
  • Measurement of the quantity and quality of tears for any abnormalities.

Treatment for Dry Eye

  • IPL/LLLT mask
  • Artificial Tears
  • Punctal plugs 
  • Omega-3 fatty acid nutritional supplements
  • Prescription eye drops or ointments, warm compresses and lid massage
  • Eyelid cleaners to help decrease inflammation around the surface of the eyes.

Dry Eye Prevention

  • Remember to blink regularly when reading or staring at a computer screen for more than 20 minutes. Follow the 20-20-20 rule: Every 20 minutes, take a 20 second break and look 20 feet away.
  • Increase the humidity in the air at work and at home.
  • Wear sunglasses outdoors
  • Omega-3 fatty acid nutritional supplements 
  • Avoiding becoming dehydrated by drinking plenty of water (8 to 10 glasses) each day.
  • Move AC vents or heaters from blowing directly into your face when driving
 

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